Venezuela: a full-blown military dictatorship is consumed

Since his rise to power, Hugo Chavez always placed his confidence in the military, making the alliance with civilians a provisional arrangement until the institutional framework for the revolution would assure the complete control of society in the hands of the military. Chavez never concealed the mistrust he had in civilians, which was part of[…]

Russia: a failed democratization [i]

Author: Armando Chaguaceda[ii] The evolution of post-Soviet Russia is a fascinating subject for those interested in contemporary geopolitics. The transformation in just a quarter of century from a (post) totalitarian system into an imperfect electoral democracy, followed by subsequent regression to competitive authoritarianism, offer a sui generis overview of the dynamics of institutional change in[…]

Maduro‘s peace

If Chavez was authoritarian, he was careful enough to appear as a democratic authoritarian. His political project, the Bolivarian Revolution, has shown quite a lot of undemocratic principles, but all of them under the “participatory democracy“ means: each time a chavista candidate lost an election, the President would name a chavista as a sort of[…]